Name: echinacea, coneflower, Echinacea sp.
Plant type: herbaceous perennial.
Climate: all climates including cold temperate, warm temperate, arid/semi-arid, sub-tropical and tropical.
Soil: grows best in soil enriched with compost.
Position: full sun to part shade.
Flowering: flowers in spring, summer and autumn.
Feeding: feed annually with an all-purpose fertiliser in early spring.
Watering: drought-tolerant once established.
An easy to grow, hardy perennial to about 1m, echinacea emerges from the soil each spring and flowers throughout the warmer months before setting seed and dying back down into the ground in late autumn.
A long-flowering perennial, echinacea attracts pollinators, bees and beneficial insects to the garden. Echinacea root is used in herbal remedies as a treatment for the common cold due to its ability to naturally boost the immune system. As a result, you may see echinacea tablets in your local pharmacy as its medical properties are well-regarded.
Echinacea seeds should be sown in spring.
If sowing direct, wait until the seeds germinate before mulching. Protect seedlings from snails and slugs with pet-safe snail pellets or snail traps.
Echinacea should be watered during establishment and during extended periods of hot, dry weather.
Deadhead (cut off) old flowers regularly to encourage more flowering and to prevent plants self-seeding throughout the garden. Cut back in late autumn.
Echinacea is relatively pest and disease free. Protect from snails and slugs during early spring.
Echinacea is easily propagated from seed collected in autumn.
After applying fertiliser, delay harvesting for a few days and rinse well before cooking and eating. If using products to deal with pests, diseases or weeds, always read the label, follow the instructions carefully and wear suitable protective equipment. Store all garden chemicals out of the reach of children and pets.
Tansy: a versatile companion plant that repels pests and attracts pollinators.
Pyrethrum: a daisy that is the main ingredient in natural insecticides.
Sunflower: a close relative that’s decorative and edible!
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