Name: climbing bean, pole bean, dwarf bean, bush bean, French bean, green bean, butter bean, borlotti bean, romano bean, snake bean, Phaseolus vulgaris.
Height: climbing beans can reach up to 2m high if given a trellis large enough. Bush beans typically grow to around 40cm.
Foliage: annuals with green foliage.
Climate: warm season crops in cool and temperate climates, and cool season crops in sub-tropical and tropical areas.
Soil: beans prefer a soil improved with compost, decomposed manure and blood and bone. Beans have shallow roots, and should be mulched.
Position: full sun, planted out after risk of frost has passed.
Flowering and fruiting: beans crop from around 10–14 weeks from sowing (even less from transplanting).
Feeding: improve the soil prior to planting and do not disturb once established.
Watering: water regularly during dry weather. Avoid overhead watering, which can cause fungal problems.
Beans are easy to grow, and because they are available in bush or climbing varieties, they suit most gardens and spaces. Climbing or pole beans are suitable for trellising and growing along a fence, while bush and dwarf beans can be grown in rows or pots.
Beans should not be kept too wet, and benefit from a free-draining soil. Water daily in hot, dry weather, less often if the weather is mild or it has rained. Avoid overhead watering, as this can cause fungal problems.
If soil is enriched prior to planting, beans should not require any additional fertiliser throughout the growing season. An application of seaweed solution at flowering will help to improve yield and plant vigour.
Follow these steps to get the most out of your crop:
Snails and slugs will damage emerging seedlings. Bait with snail and slug pellets or traps.
Avoid overhead watering, and allow space within the rows for adequate air flow. This will help to prevent fungal issues such as powdery mildew.
After applying fertiliser, delay harvesting for a few days and rinse well before cooking and eating. If using products to deal with pests, diseases or weeds, always read the label, follow the instructions carefully and wear suitable protective equipment. Store all garden chemicals out of the reach of children and pets.
Broccoli: a wonderful and nutritious cool-season crop that’s packed with antioxidants.
Peas: grow in the opposite season to beans, and provide an abundant feast for the table.
Tomatoes: share a growing season with beans, as well as an abundant harvest.
Check out our huge range of plants now and get your garden growing!
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