How to screed a shower tray

brendan h
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How to screed a shower tray

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Project Overview

Laying the screed for your shower tray is an easy project when you break it down. We’ll teach you how to prepare the surface for the screed, cut the timber so that your shower has the right run-off level and finally, how to mix and lay the screed. 

Continue to step-by-step instructions

Step by Step Instructions

1 Check the floor is level
2 Measure the shower base for your wedges
3 Measure the wood to make a wedge
4 Cut your wedges
5 Lay the wedges in the shower base
6 Mix the screed
7 Mix and apply the powder mastic
8 Apply the screed
9 Tidy up the dry excess screed
10 Fill in the gaps with more screed
  • Step 1. Check the floor is level

    Start by making sure the shower tray is level before laying the screed. If it isn’t level, the high spots could stick out through the screed, which will make the tiles uneven. Using your spirit level, check the level of the shower bay from the centre to the corners.
  • Step 2. Measure the shower base for your wedges

    The next step is to make timber wedges, so that the shower water runs down into the plug. Measure the shower tray, diagonally across from corner to corner, then halve this figure e.g. 1200mm will be 600mm. This is the length of the four wedges you need to cut.

  • Step 3. Measure the wood to make a wedge

    Measure and mark the required length on your timber. Now clamp the timber to your sawhorse and cut the four pieces to length. Measure the depth of your shower tray and mark that height at one end of your timber. Then measure and mark off half that height at the other end. This will give a good angle for the run-off. Use another piece of timber to draw a diagonal line between the two marks.

  • Step 4. Cut your wedges

    Clamp the piece of timber that your wedge is marked on, to the sawhorse. Start cutting with your saw at the thickest end of the wedge. Be careful to saw more slowly as you reach the narrow end of the wedge. Use your first wedge as a template to mark up the rest of your timber pieces. Then cut each piece as before to make three more wedges.
  • Step 5. Lay the wedges in the shower base

    Take some old rags and pack them tightly down the drain. This will make sure that no glue or screed goes down the drain and blocks it. Then lay your wedges in place, with the thick end of the wedge in the corners and the thin ends meeting in the centre.
  • Step 6. Mix the screed

    Put on your dust mask and safety glasses. Make your screed in a bucket by mixing one part cement, to four parts sand and a small amount of water. Mix it until it has the consistency of a wet beach sand. Avoid adding too much water or the screed will be too runny.

  • Step 7. Mix and apply the powder mastic

    Put some powder mastic in a bucket and add a little water. Mix it until it’s the consistency of toothpaste. Remove the wedges from the shower tray and use a notch trowel to spread an even layer of mastic across all of the shower tray. The mastic gives the screed something to stick to.

  • Step 8. Apply the screed

    Place the wedges back into position. Then using a flat trowel, spread the screed across the entire shower tray to cover the glue and wedges. Scrape the screed back to the level of the wedges with a flat piece of wood. This will create the natural run-off for the shower tray. It’s important to get each section flat, you can do this by transferring screed from one section to another. In some areas you might find it easier to use a smaller piece of wood or a float trowel to make the screed level. Once all of the sections are flat, carefully remove the wedges and rags from the drain and let the screed dry.
  • Step 9. Tidy up the dry excess screed

    Once the screed is dry, after about 12 hours, put your rags back into the drain. Use a brush to sweep up all the loose, dry bits of screed. Any areas where your screed is uneven you can use a paint scraper to make it even. 

  • Step 10. Fill in the gaps with more screed

    Now use the paint scraper to fill all of the gaps with a bit more screed. Avoid overfilling the gaps as this will cause high spots when the screed dries. Once you have filled the gaps and made it level with the scraper, sweep off the excess screed and pull the rags out of the drain.

Tools and Materials

Tools

  • Clamp
  • Dust mask
  • Dust pan and brush
  • Flat trowel
  • Float trowel
  • Mixing equipment
  • Notch trowel
  • Safety glasses
  • Saw
  • Saw horse
  • Spirit level
  • Tape measure

Materials

  • Cement mix
  • Mixing buckets
  • Pencil
  • Powder mastic
  • Sand
  • Wood
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