How to prune roses

Gary hanson
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How to prune roses

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Project Overview

Pruning your roses is essential, because it encourages new growth and more flowers. And while it may seem like a chore, we’ll show you just how quick and easy it is. Continue to step-by-step instructions
rust
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How to remove rust from tools

No matter how well you look after them, rust can still affect your tools. Giving rust-affected tools a rub with 80-grit sandpaper can be enough to remove it, but if you need something a little stronger, a stiff wire brush is the way to go. And once you’ve removed the rust, a final rub with WD-40 will help clean and protect it.

Step by Step Instructions

1 Shape and structure
2 Use the pruning saw
3 Use the secateurs
4 Mulch around the rose
5 Water the rose
  • Step 1. Shape and structure

    Shape and structure are important when it comes to pruning roses. You want to prune it so the plant will grow well and look great in bloom. Some people are too afraid to heavily prune their roses, but you can safely cut roses back by two thirds of their pre-pruned size. Before you start pruning, stand back from the rose bush and look for dead heads, branches that are crossing over one another, branches that congest the centre of the plant and dead wood. All of these things need taking care of during the pruning process.
  • Step 2. Use the pruning saw

    Use the pruning saw to remove any dead branches, very old brown or grey wood or thick stems. Remember to cut on an angle.
  • Step 3. Use the secateurs

    The secateurs are used to remove any lingering flowers and leaves. Remove any suckers and growth from the root system below the graft. Select three or five green, healthy, vigorous branches as the framework for the next season’s growth. Remove any other unwanted stems, cutting them back just above an outward facing bud. An outward facing bud is selected to encourage growth away from the centre of the plant. Also, cut on an angle so that water runs off.
  • Step 4. Mulch around the rose

    Apply pea straw mulch around the rose to help the plant retain moisture as the weather warms up. Don’t put the mulch too close to the trunk of the plant because you might get rot or mould.
  • Step 5. Water the rose

    After you’ve applied the mulch, water the rose. You can also apply fertiliser to an advanced rose but if it’s a new one, wait until it gets established.

Tools and Materials

Tools

  • Bucket
  • Gardening gloves
  • Pruning saw
  • Safety glasses
  • Secateurs
  • Watering can

Materials

  • Mulch
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