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Lemon tree with ripe cluster of fruit growing on tree
For citrus success in a small space, pop a sun-loving dwarf variety in a pot or the garden.

Dwarf lemon tree (Citrus limon)

A dwarf lemon bears full-size fruit on a small tree, reaching heights between 1-3m tall. For year-round fruit with a strong, tangy flavour, choose the popular ‘Eureka’ variety. It flourishes in warm climes and has almost thornless branches. Winter-cropping ‘Meyer’ and ‘Lisbon’ also thrive in warm regions, but tolerate cooler climates if protected from winds and frost.

Dwarf orange tree (Citrus sinensis)

Leave these ones on the tree for a bit, as they become sweeter with time. Tangy ‘Valencia’ oranges are ready to harvest from late spring and perfect for juicing; ‘Washington Navel’ are sweeter, firm in texture (so are easy to peel) and produce fruit from mid-winter. Grow both varieties for a long season of fruit. The dwarf orange suits areas with hot, dry summers and dry winters; it grows to 2m tall. As with all citrus, fertilise regularly.

Orange tree with ripe cluster of fruit growing on tree

Dwarf cumquat (Citrus japonica syn. Fortunella margarita)

The whole fruit can be eaten and it’s also great for making marmalade. Its bittersweet rind and tarter flesh create an interesting flavour profile and eating experience. ‘Nagami’ has acidic, teardrop-shaped fruit; the globular fruit of ‘Meiwa’ are sweeter. Both grow 1.5-2m tall and are considered the most cold-tolerant citrus, coping with light frosts once established.

Bright orange Kumquats with glossy, green leaves on a branch of Citrus japonica

Dwarf Tahitian lime tree (Citrus latifolia)

This evergreen tree, up to 2.5m tall, has medium, round fruit on near thornless branches. It prefers warm areas but tolerates colder climes with frost protection. West Indian or key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) grows into a small bush to 3m high with smaller, seedier and tarter fruit. The thin-skinned, juicy and almost seedless fruit appears from mid-autumn to mid-winter.

Close up of green Tahitian Limes growing on a tree

Photo Credit: Alamy Stock Photo, Getty Images

Health & Safety

Please make sure you use all equipment appropriately and safely when following the advice in these D.I.Y. videos. You need to be familiar with how to use equipment safely and follow the instructions that came with the equipment. If you are unsure, you may feel it is safest to consult an expert, such as the manufacturer or an expert Bunnings Team Member.

Grave health hazards are linked to asbestos, which may be in homes built up to 1990. Health hazards may result from exposure to lead-based paints in older materials and copper chromium arsenic (CCA) treated timber. For information on the dangers of asbestos, lead-based paint and CCA treated timber and tips for dealing with these materials contact your local council's Environmental Health Officer. You can also use a simple test kit from Bunnings to indicate the presence of lead-based paint.