Winter is a great time to replenish your soil, ensuring that it contains enough of the nutrients it needs by using a good fertiliser. A blood and bone mixture will add nitrogen to your soil and promote healthy plant growth, as well as phosphorus that stimulates root growth. Another way to add nutrients to your garden or soil is by spreading chicken and sheep pellets. This'll also improve your soil’s moisture retention if you have sandy soil.
It’s important to keep adding a liquid seaweed treatment to your garden at least once a month. This'll help your garden deal with the winter frost, as well as other issues like transplant shock, pest and disease resistance and add essential compounds that promote root growth.
In the vegie garden
Before you start gardening in your vegie patch in winter, you can add a compost to replenish your soil, which it'll need after harvesting your summer crops.
Now is the time to plant your winter vegies such as broad beans, beetroot, broccoli, cabbage, celery, garlic, kale, onions, peas, shallots, silverbeet and spinach. In July, it’s time to sprout new season seed potatoes ready for planting in August or September.
If you want to sow seeds, there is a wide range of seeds available at your local Bunnings. Make sure you look for winter varieties, and when you sow them, they have some shelter. Choose vegies to sow such as broccoli, broad beans, cabbage, cauliflower, peas and certain varieties of winter lettuce.
In frost prone areas, you can plant crops in containers that can be moved from exposed areas. Another way to protect your crops is by installing a frost cloth. This allows both light and moisture to hit your crops whilst protecting them from harmful frost.
Make sure that you also protect your crops with snail and slug pellets. These can be spread out every seven to 10 days or after rainfall.
In the fruit garden
Winter is the time to plant deciduous fruit trees in your garden. Start with a planting mix to give them the best possible chance to thrive. Don’t forget to stake your plants to protect them from the cold winds.
It’s a good time to plant strawberries during winter. If you keep them protected from the frost, you should be able to increase your crop size by a considerable amount. Try planting them in a container for a great result.
Spray fruit trees with a copper fungicide just after pruning. It will prevent the leaves curling and will even promote buds every two weeks in spring.
You should also prune back your grape and kiwifruit vines, as well as autumn crops such as raspberries back to ground level.
In the flower garden
Winter is the best time to plant new roses. Whether you plant bare rooted or potted roses, a good rose fertiliser will help them settle in. It’s also time to prune your existing roses, shrubs and perennials. This'll encourage strong new growth and even help you to avoid some diseases.
An easy way to add winter colour to your garden is by planting azaleas, camellias and daphne. They look great when the rest of the garden isn’t flowering.
Check out the full garden range available at your local Bunnings.