How To Maintain A Lawn

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How To Maintain Your Lawn

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Project Overview

A lush and healthy lawn is a beautiful part of a home landscape, and worth looking after. To maintain your lawn you must tailor a program suitable to your local conditions - your soil and grass type and the amount of rainfall you get. 


Weed and insect control chemicals


Garden spade and fork
Leaf garden rakes
Garden hose
Mower with sharpened blades (mulching-style preferred)
Hose-end sprayer
Spreader (drop, broadcast, or hand-held broadcast type)

Step by Step Instructions

1 Aerate your soil
2 Feed your lawn
3 Patch bare spots
4 Cut grass properly
5 Watering your lawn
6 Use weed and insect control chemicals responsibly
7 Hints and tips
  • Step 1. Aerate your soil

    Just like plants, grass needs light, water and air to grow and stay healthy. To improve the efficiency of these factors we recommend aerating. For minimum aeration you can clean the lawn well at the end of Autumn and give it a good raking every Spring. To further aerate the soil and root system, systematically poke holes in the ground. You may choose different aerating methods depending on your lawn size and involved expenses. The options are a garden fork, aerated shoes or a core aerator for large areas which can be hired.

  • Step 2. Feed your lawn

    Choosing your fertiliser is a personal choice as there are many brands to choose from. We can recommend a slow-release or organic fertiliser based on your soil's needs and total area. Using organic fertiliser also will improve the health of your soil. To measure your grass area, divide your lawn into rectangular sections, multiply the length by the width of each section, and add the results. You can do this simply by stepping out the area. Feed every 6-12 weeks, depending on the type of fertiliser you choose.

  • Step 3. Patch bare spots

    Loosen the surface, then mix seed and lawn starter together. Rake into the surface and water regularly until sprouts emerge.

  • Step 4. Cut grass properly

    If the lawn is overgrown, mow it in two or more cuttings then add clippings to your compost bin or pile. Always use sharp mower blades and don't cut a lawn when the grass is wet. Cut no more than 1/3 of the grass length at a time.

  • Step 5. Watering your lawn

    A deep watering twice a week is best for your lawn as it encourages healthy root development. Repeated light watering brings roots to the surface and makes the lawn less drought-resistant. Water your lawn to a depth of at least 2 inches in the early morning or late afternoon rather than midday. Sandy Soils require frequent watering than rich heavy soils. Be sure to use an efficient watering system or a trigger spray gun.

  • Step 6. Use weed and insect control chemicals responsibly

    The best time to apply chemicals is when the weeds are starting to grow, before they seed or when insects are active. Apply it with ready a use hose-end sprayer, which mixes liquid chemicals with water from your garden hose, with a garden spreader if you use granules, or mix the concentrate at the recommend dose & apply using a garden sprayer.

  • Step 7. Hints and tips

    The best time to fertilise is Spring. You can broadcast your fertiliser by hand, but you may get a more uniform coverage with a spreader. Once applying the fertiliser, water thoroughly, unless the directions state otherwise.

Please make sure you use all equipment appropriately and safely when following the advice in these D.I.Y. videos. You need to be familiar with how to use equipment safely and follow the instructions which came with the equipment. If you are unsure, you may feel it is safest to consult an expert, such as the manufacturer or an expert Bunnings team member.

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