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DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

Overview

An outdoor decking is the perfect place for entertaining, so it's important that you install it safely and securely. After you've installed bearers and stumps for a decking, you need to attach joists. These will form the strong foundation for your deck. We'll show you how to do it in a few easy steps.

Steps

1Measure and mark the wall-plate

On the timber you are using as your wall-plate, measure and mark out the length of a bearer. Then use the circular saw to cut the wall-plate to size.

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

2Cut a check-out in the wall-plate

At one end of the wall-plate, you'll need to make a check-out so it will sit flush on top of the brickwork. Use the carpenters square to mark out a recess, then use the circular saw, handsaw and chisel to make the cut.

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

3Attach the wall-plate

Line up the wall-plate with the lines marked on the wall from your profile piece of timber. Use the nail gun to temporarily attach the wall-plate to the wall. Then use the cordless drill and batten screws to firmly secure the wall-plate to the wall.

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

4Fix the first joist

Using the wall as a guide to keep the first joist straight, use the nail gun to secure the first joist at the end of the bearer near the wall. 

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

5Run a string line along the joist

Hammer a nail in at the end of the first joist and another to the wall-plate. Run a string line between these two nails. This will make sure the joist is straight when you attach it. Secure the joist into every bearer, on both sides of the joist where possible.  

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

6Measure and mark for the second joist

Use the first joist as your guide and measure and mark on the bearer the required distance to where the next joist will go. Mark every bearer so your second joist will be lined up with the first joist. 

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

7Secure the second joist

Use the nail gun to secure the second joist on each bearer, on both sides of the joist.

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

8Secure the other joists

Now you're ready to secure all the joists to the bearers. To do this, just repeat the previous steps and work your way along the bearers.

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

9Fit timber between the joists

When you've finished attaching the joists, measure the distance between them. Then cut pieces of timber to this length to fit between every second joist. This will provide your decking with extra support. Use the nail gun to secure the timber between every second joist. Your deck is now ready to be laid.

DIY Step Image - How to install joists for a deck . Blob storage upload.

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Health & Safety

Please make sure you use all equipment appropriately and safely when following the advice in these D.I.Y. videos. You need to be familiar with how to use equipment safely and follow the instructions that came with the equipment. If you are unsure, you may feel it is safest to consult an expert, such as the manufacturer or an expert Bunnings Team Member.

Grave health hazards are linked to asbestos, which may be in homes built up to 1990. Health hazards may result from exposure to lead-based paints in older materials and copper chromium arsenic (CCA) treated timber. For information on the dangers of asbestos, lead-based paint and CCA treated timber and tips for dealing with these materials contact your local council's Environmental Health Officer. You can also use a simple test kit from Bunnings to indicate the presence of lead-based paint.